Esther Dyson is Chairman of EDventure Holdings and Founder of HICCup.co, for Health Initiative Coordinating Council. HICCup is an open-source, evidence-generating project devoted to defining and testing a business model for producing community health (not health care) that will return profits to investors and health to the participants. It will use a contest in order to entice the best communities to compete and to give their successes and (educational) failures visibility. Its slogan: "Five places, five metrics, five years!" In addition, Ms Dyson spends her time investing in and nurturing start-ups, with a recent focus on health care and aerospace. From October 2008 to March of 2009, she lived in Star City outside Moscow, Russia, training as a backup cosmonaut. On the health side, she is an investor in 23andMe (also a Director), Applied Proteomics, Crohnology, Eligible API, Genomera, GeriJoy, GreenGoose (closed), Health Loop, HealthRally, HealthTap, i2Dx, Keas (also an Advisor), Medivo, mEquilibrium, Omada Health, Organized Wisdom, PatientsLikeMe, PatientsKnowBest (UK), Resilient, Sleepio (UK), StartupHealth, Tocagen, Valkee (Finland), VitaPortal (Russia, also an Advisor) and Voxiva (also a Director). She recently served on the selection panel for the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Young Leader Awards and is active on the "health not healthcare" speaker circuit. More generally, she is an active board member for a variety of startups, including also Airship Ventures, Eventful, Luxoft, Meetup, NewspaperDirect, PA Consulting, WPP Group (not a start-up!), XCOR Aerospace and Yandex (recent IPO). Her past investments have included Medstory (sold to Microsoft), Flickr and del.icio.us (sold to Yahoo!), Brightmail (sold to Symantec) and Vizu (recently sold to Nielsen). Her current investments include AdKeeper, Amicus, AnchorFree, ChallengePost, Cognitive Match (UK), Crowdbooster, Factual, Flattr (Sweden), GoodData, GridPoint, Ji Grahak (India), Knack.it, LinkedIn, Linqia, Payperks, PlanGo (Finland), School of Everything (UK), Skygrid, Square, SocialBon, Sparked, ThingD, Trusted ID, txteagle/Jana, Vizu; AlterGeo, Ostrovok TerraLink and Zingaya in Russia; and Icon Aircraft (light sport aircraft), Nanoracks and Space Adventures (which organizes programs for space tourists) in the aerospace sector. Ms Dyson also sits on the boards of several nonprofits, including the the Eurasia Foundation, the Sunlight Foundation, the Personal Genome Foundation, the Commercial Spaceflight Federation and StopBadware.org. She has a BA in Economics from Harvard and was Founding Chairman of ICANN from 1998 to 2000. In addition, she wrote the best-selling, widely translated book Release 2.0: A design for living in the digital age, published by Broadway Books, in 1997. She writes a monthly column for www.project-syndicate.org.