Modern Europe has been a powerhouse of innovation, job creation and connectivity. But with the European Union itself now in a state of crisis, clouds of uncertainty hang over the continent. The legacy of the global financial crisis lingers as the eurozone struggles to survive. The influx of refugees and economic migrants has fuelled the debate on immigration. Terrorism has led to demands for stricter border controls and a more coordinated security strategy. In the midst of these challenges, the UK’s status as an EU member state hangs in the balance. Attend the FT Future of Europe Summit to hear a range of views from thought leaders in business and government on how to address these challenges.
FT FUTURE OF EUROPE SUMMIT
Achieving Stability, Security & Prosperity
Minister of State for Europe
Rt Hon Theresa Villiers MP
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland 2012-2016
Sponsors and partners
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David Lidington MP was appointed Minister of State at the Foreign & Commonwealth Office in May 2010. He was elected to Parliament in 1992 and is the MP for Aylesbury.
Mr Lidington’s previous roles have included Shadow Opposition Spokesman at the Home Office, Shadow Financial Secretary to the Treasury, Shadow Minister for Agriculture and Shadow Secretary of State for Northern Ireland. Before politics, he worked for BP and RTZ before becoming Special Advisor to Douglas Hurd in the Home Office and Foreign Office.
Mr Lidington’s proudest political achievement was successfully promoting a Private Members Bill which became the Chiropractors Act in 1994. He believes that this piece of legislation has made a real difference to many people’s lives. Mr Lidington has a long standing passion for history, and has twice captained a champion team on University Challenge, first in 1979 and then in 2002 when the Sidney Sussex team became “champion of champions” in University Challenge Reunited.
Lionel Barber is the editor of the Financial Times. Since his appointment in 2005, Mr Barber has helped solidify the FT’s position as one of the first publishers to successfully transform itself into a multichannel news organisation. During his tenure, the FT has won numerous global prizes for its journalism, including Newspaper of the Year, Overseas Press Club, Gerald Loeb and Society of Publishers in Asia awards. He has co-written several books and has lectured widely on foreign policy, transatlantic relations, European security and monetary union in the US and Europe and appears regularly on TV and radio around the world. As editor, he has interviewed many of the world’s leaders in business and politics, including: former US President Barack Obama, sitting US president Donald Trump, Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany and President of Iran Hassan Rouhani.
Mr Barber has received several distinguished awards, including the St George Society medal of honour and the Legion d’Honneur and in February 2018, the Media Society’s annual award for his outstanding contribution to journalism. He serves on the Board of Trustees at the Carnegie Corporation of New York and is Chairman of the Tate.
Rt Hon Theresa Villiers MP
Theresa Villiers has been the Member of Parliament for Chipping Barnet since 2005. A former barrister, Ms Villiers represented London as an MEP from 1999 to 2005, working to ensure that Britain stayed out of the Euro. Seven months after being elected to the House of Commons, she was appointed to the Shadow Cabinet, leading the Opposition scrutiny of the Finance Bills in 2006 and 2007. In 2010, she became Minister of State for Transport where her responsibilities included the 2012 Olympics. Joining the Cabinet in 2010, she served as Secretary of State for Northern Ireland for four years, delivering the successful 2013 G8 summit in Fermanagh. She chaired two sets of cross party talks securing the 2014 Stormont House Agreement and the 2015 Fresh Start Agreement, which averted the possible collapse of Northern Ireland’s devolved institutions. Ms Villiers was one of the five Cabinet Ministers to launch the Vote Leave campaign. Always an active constituency MP, she has an extensive track record local campaigning and supporting her constituents.
Emmanuel Macron was born in December 1977 in Amiens. He is a haut fonctionnaire (senior public official) specialising in economic affairs. He studied philosophy and was Paul Ricœur’s assistant for two years before attending the Ecole Nationale d’Administration (ENA) from where he graduated in 2004. Emmanuel Macron then joined the Inspectorate General of Finance (IGF) and, in 2007, became expert adviser to the head of department. In this capacity, he served as rapporteur for the Commission pour la libération de la croissance française (French Commission on Economic Growth), chaired by Jacques Attali. He then went to work in the banking industry. In 2011, he was involved in François Hollande’s campaign for the socialist party’s presidential primary and, subsequently, in the presidential campaign itself. During the latter campaign, he was tasked with coordinating a group of experts and with drawing up the candidate’s economic manifesto. In May 2012, he took up the position of Deputy Secretary General of the President’s Private Office with particular responsibility for monitoring strategy and economic affairs, and for overseeing fiscal, financial, tax and sector-based issues. On 26 August 2014, Emmanuel Macron was appointed Minister for the Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs in the government headed up by Manuel Valls. His mandate is to ensure France’s economic recovery.
Sylvie Goulard has been an MEP since 2009. In the European Parliament she is a member of the group the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), a member of the Economic and Monetary Affairs Committee (ECON), a substitute member of the Constitutional Affairs Committee (AFCO) and a member of the temporary TAX2 committee. Ms Goulard is also president of the European Parliament Intergroup fighting against poverty which works to ensure that Europe's most deprived persons have a voice at the European level. After her law studies, and having graduated from Sciences Po and the Ecole Nationale d'Administration, Ms Goulard worked as a diplomat in the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs as well as at the Conseil d'Etat. Between 2001 and 2004 she worked with Romano Prodi during his time as President of the European Commission. Ms Goulard is the author of Europe : amour ou chambre à part ? (2013), De la démocratie en Europe (2012), co-authored with Mario Monti, L’Europe pour les Nuls (2007), winner of the European Book Prize 2009.
Lady Barbara Judge
Lady Judge has had an unusually broad and successful international career as a senior executive, chairman and non-executive director in both the private and public sectors. She is currently Chairman of the Astana Financial Services Authority and a UK Business Ambassador (a Prime Ministerial appointment). She is also Chairman of Cifas, the UK fraud prevention agency and Chairman of the Management Board of SNOMED International, a not for profit organisation that determines global standards for health terms. In addition, she is Chairman of several digital start-ups, including The Cambridge Code, an innovative online diagnostic tool that can identify subconscious characteristics and traits which cannot be detected by conventional test methods; LoopUp, a premium, remote meetings solution and SmartUp, a mobile peer-to-peer knowledge sharing platform. Earlier in her career she was the youngest-ever Commissioner of the US Securities and Exchange Commission. Later she was the first woman main board executive director of Samuel Montagu & Co, a London merchant bank and the first woman director of News International. Subsequently, she was Chairman of the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority for two terms and thereafter Chairman of the UK Pension Protection Fund, also for two terms. In Japan she was appointed Deputy Chairman of the Tepco Nuclear Reform Committee and Chairman of it Nuclear Safety Task Force, on which she still currently serves. She is also a member of the board of the Lixil Corporation and Chairman of its Remuneration Committee. In addition, she is an advisor to the Itochu Corporation. In June 2010 she was awarded Commander of the British Empire in the Queen’s Birthday Honours for services to the nuclear and financial services industries. In 2015 she received the Times Non-Executive Director award for her chairmanship of the Pension Protection Fund. In addition, she was listed by Business Insider as number 36 out of the “top 100 coolest people in tech in 2017”
Juergen Maier was appointed Chief Executive of Siemens UK on 1 July 2014. He has been a member of the Siemens UK Executive Board since 2008, and held senior roles within Siemens in the UK and Germany including Managing Director of Industrial activities for the UK and Manufacturing Director of the award-winning Drives factory in Congleton. Mr Maier joined Siemens in 1986 with a BSc in production engineering from Nottingham Trent University, on a Siemens-sponsored graduate programme. He was made an Honorary Professor of Engineering at the University of Manchester in March 2014. He is a passionate advocate of the UK rebalancing its economy and supports many UK-wide initiatives championing manufacturing, improved infrastructure and engineering skills. Mr Maier was appointed as a non-Executive Board member of the UK Government Department of Business Innovation and Skills in 2014, is Chairman of the North West Business Leadership team and a board member of Greater Manchester LEP.
Jörg Asmussen is currently a senior fellow at the Jaques Delors Institute in Berlin. From 2014 to 2015 he was State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs in Germany, where he was responsible for four Directorates General and around 1100 employees, as well as the budget of the Ministry with a volume of 125 bn euros. Since 2014, Mr Asmussen has held a number of positions including Member of the Board of Directors of the World Bank Initiative Solutions for Youth Employment, Member of the Steering Committee for the Future of Europe, Co-Editor of the magazine Berliner Republik, Member of the Investment Committee of the NGO Welthungerhilfe and Deputy Chairperson of the Board of the Jaques-Delors Institute. From 2012 to 2013, Mr Asmussen was a Member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank, where he held part of the collegial responsibility for monetary policy, financial stability and the establishment of the European Banking Supervision (SSM). From 2008 to 2012, Mr Asmussen was State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Finance of Germany where he was responsible for the Directorate General Planning Department relating to Fiscal Policy and Economic Policy, the European Department, the Directorate General for Financial Market Policy and temporarily for the Directorate for Real Estate of the Federal Republic. From 2003 to 2008, Mr Asmussen was Director General for Financial Market Policy following the merger of two Directorates General (International Affairs and Financial Markets). Mr Asmussen has a Master’s degree in Economics specialising in Montetary and Exchange Rate Policy from University of Gießen and University of Bonn and an MBA from Bocconi University. In 2015 he was awarded the Cross of Recognition from the Republic of Latvia.
Helena Morrissey joined Newton in 1994 as a fixed income fund manager and was appointed as Chief Executive Officer in 2001. Newton manages around £50bn for pension funds, charities and through funds available to individuals. In June 2014 Ms Morrissey was appointed Chair of the Investment Association, the United Kingdom’s industry trade body, whose members manage £5trn.Recently, Ms Morrissey was appointed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer to the UK’s Financial Services Trade and Investment Board. In 2010, Ms Morrissey founded the 30% Club, a cross-business initiative aimed at achieving 30% women on UK corporate boards. Ms Morrissey has been named one of Fortune Magazine’s World’s 50 Greatest Leaders.In 2013 and in 2014 she was voted one of the 50 Most Influential People in Finance globally by Bloomberg Markets. She was appointed CBE in the 2012 New Year’s Honours list. A Cambridge philosophy graduate, she began her career with Schroders in New York.
Vittorio Grilli is Chairman of the Corporate & Investment Bank, EMEA at J.P. Morgan and serves as a senior advisor on macroeconomic issues, global market developments and European policy actions. Mr Grilli has spent a long career in European economics and public service. He was an assistant professor at Yale University from 1986 to 1990 and Woolwich Professor of Financial Economics at the University of London’s Birkbeck College from 1990 to 1994. He has held multiple positions with the Italian Treasury over the past two decades, most recently as Italian Minister of Economy and Finances from July 2012 to April 2013, where he helped to guide the Republic through one of its most challenging economic times in the past century. In the 1990s, he played a pivotal role during Italy’s wave of privatizations and also has served as an advisor to major international and domestic firms. Mr Grilli has been a distinguished leader in global markets, serving on the EU’s Economic and Financial Committee from March 2009 to January 2012, ultimately as Chairman of the committee. Mr Grilli holds a Masters degree in economics from Bocconi University and a doctorate in economics from the University of Rochester.
Benoît Potier graduated from the École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures in 1979, and completed his executive education within the Wharton International Forum and the Advanced Management program at INSEAD. In 1981, he joined Air Liquide as an Engineer in the Research & Development Division. He held different positions in the Group in the strategic department and in operations. Since 2006, Mr Potier is Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Air Liquide Group headquartered in Paris, France. Present in 80 countries with more than 50,000 employees and sales of €15.4 billion, Air Liquide is a world leader in gases, technologies and services for Industry and Health. Mr Potier is also Chairman of the Air Liquide Foundation. Among other activities outside the Air Liquide Group, Mr Potier is Chairman of the European Roundtable of Industrialists “ERT”.
John Mills is an entrepreneur and economist who has long been involved with political affairs. He is the founder and Chairman of John Mills Limited (JML) which specialised is selling high volume consumer products using audio-visual methods of promoting their sale both in the UK and in many other countries – about 85 at the last count. His main interests as an economist are the UK’s relationship with the EU and the relatively poor performance of Western economies compared with those in the East. .Mr Mills was for many years a senior Labour elected member of both Camden Council, the London Borough’s Association and the Association of Metropolitan Authorities and in the late 1980s he was Deputy Chairman of the London Dockland Development Corporation. He is currently Founder and Chairman of Labour Leave, the campaign which put forward the progressive left-leaning case for Brexit and successfully fought to get the UK out of the EU. Mr Mills is also Vice Chairman of the Economic Research Council and Chairman of the Pound Campaign, which seeks to reverse the decline of British industry and rebalance the UK economy. He is a frequent commentator on TV and radio and he has a large number of published books, articles, pamphlets and tracts to his credit.
Elizabeth Collett is Director of Migration Policy Institute Europe and Senior Advisor to MPI's Transatlantic Council on Migration. She is based in Brussels, and her work focuses in particular on European migration and immigrant integration policy. Prior to joining MPI, Ms Collett was a Senior Policy Analyst at the European Policy Centre, a Brussels-based think tank, and was responsible for its migration program, which covered all aspects of European migration and integration policy. During her time at EPC she produced numerous working papers and policy briefs focused on the future of European Union immigration policy. She has also worked in the Migration Research and Policy Department of the International Organization for Migration in Geneva and for the Institute for the Study of International Migration in Washington, D.C. Ms Collett holds a master's degree in foreign service (with distinction) from Georgetown University, where she specialised in foreign policy and earned a certificate in refugee and humanitarian studies, and a bachelor's degree in law from Oxford University.
Peter Sutherland is United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary General for Migration and Development. He has held this position since 2006 and was responsible for the creation of the Global Forum on Migration and Development. He is President of the International Catholic Migration Commission and a member of the Migration Advisory Board of the International Organisation for Migration. He also serves on the Boards of Allianz SE, Koç Holding A.S. and BW Group Limited. He is a member of the International Advisory Board of BP plc and President of St Benet’s Hall, University of Oxford. He was educated at Gonzaga College, University College Dublin and the King’s Inns. Prior to his current positions, Mr Sutherland served as Attorney General of Ireland (1981-1984); EC Commissioner responsible for Competition Policy (1985-1989); Chairman of Allied Irish Banks (1989-1993) and Director General of GATT and then of The World Trade Organisation (1993-1995). He was Chairman of BP plc (1997 - 2009), Chairman of the London School of Economics and Political Science (2008 - 2015) and Chairman of Goldman Sachs International (1995 – 2015). MrcSutherland was awarded an honorary fellowship of the London Business School, the Oxford University Institute of Economics and St Benet’s Hall, University of Oxford. He has received sixteen honorary doctorates from universities in Europe and America. He has received numerous national decorations including an honorary Knighthood from Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, a Papal Knighthood from Pope Benedict and the Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur from President Mitterrand. He is the only non-European Parliamentarian to have received the Gold Medal of the European Parliament.
Emma Bonino is a former Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs. She also served as Vice-Chair of the Italian Senate. She has been Minister for International Trade and European Affairs. First elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies in 1976, she has served either in the Italian or in the European Parliament. Between 1994 and 1999, she was EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid, Fisheries, Consumer Policy, Consumer Health Protection and Food Safety. As a Commissioner, she confronted the major man-made crises of the 1990s, which resulted in millions of refugees and displaced persons, including in the Great Lakes Region and in the Balkans. Ms Bonino spent four years in Egypt, where she was a Distinguished Visiting Professor at the American University of Cairo. As part of her work in the region, in January 2004, she headed the political process that led to the Sana’a InterGovernmental Regional Conference on Democracy, Human Rights and the Role of the ICC. Since 2003, she has also been campaigning against female genital mutilations and for the adoption of UNGA Resolution banning this practice worldwide. Her conviction that the rule of law is a pre-requisite for the protection of vulnerable people finds expression in her commitment to the development and strengthening of the international criminal justice system, with the establishment of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda, and for the establishment of the ICC. She is co-Chair of the European Council on Foreign Relations.
George Papaconstantinou served as Greece’s Finance Minister and subsequently as Minister of Environment, Energy and Climate Change. As Finance Minister from October 2009 to June 2011, he negotiated the 110 billion Euro loan agreement with the EU, the IMF and the ECB, together with the associated economic and financial policies. During his tenure, he oversaw a large fiscal consolidation effort (a 6 percentage points of GDP reduction in the public deficit), overhauled the budget process, embarked on tax reform, implemented wide-ranging structural reforms in product, service and financial markets (with Greece named as the OECD country with the fastest pace of structural reforms), and designed a large-scale privatization program. Mr Papaconstantinou was born in Athens in 1961, and studied in the UK and the US. After obtaining a Ph.D in Economics from the London School of Economics, he worked for 10 years at the OECD in Paris. He subsequently served in a policy advisory capacity for the Greek government, was a board member of OTE S.A., the largest telecoms company in Greece, and taught at the Athens University of Economics and Business. In 2007, he was elected to the Greek Parliament, and in 2009 he headed the PASOK list in the June 2009 European Parliament elections. Mr Papaconstantinou resigned as an MEP in October 2009 upon being appointed Finance Minister. Since leaving public office, he has been working in an advisory capacity. He is Founder and Chairman of GSP Advisory, focusing on political, economic and financial issues as well as on evaluating investment projects in Greece. His book on the economic crisis, Game Over: The Inside Story of the Greek Crisis is forthcoming.
James Grand is a Freshfields partner based in London specialising in Structured Credit, CLOs and bank regulatory capital trades. He advises extensively on EU law applicable to banks and investment firms. From 2008 to 2013, Mr Grand was a member of the Financial Markets Law Committee advising on issues of legal uncertainty facing the financial markets under the sponsorship of the Bank of England. Mr Grand is co-head of Freshfields’ Eurocrisis group.
Anand Menon is Professor of European Politics and Foreign Affairs at Kings College London. He also directs the Economic and Social Research Council Initiative on the UK in a Changing Europe (www.ukandeu.ac.uk). Previously, he was Director of the European Research Institute at the University of Birmingham. Prior to this, he taught at the University of Oxford (St Antony’s College). He has held positions at Sciences Po, Columbia University and NYU. He has written on many aspects of contemporary Europe including the EU politics and institutions and European security. He is co-editor of the Oxford Handbook of the European Union (OUP, 2012) and author, amongst other things, of Europe: The State of the Union (Atlantic Books 2008).
Geoff Mulgan took over as Chief Executive of Nesta in 2011, and since then has moved it out of the public sector and significantly increased its work in investment, research and innovation programmes. Between 1997 and 2004 Mr Mulgan had various roles in the UK government including Director of the government's Strategy Unit and Head of Policy in the Prime Minister's office. From 2004 to 2011 Mr Mulgan was the first Chief Executive of the Young Foundation. He was the first director and co-founder of the think-tank Demos; Chief Adviser to Gordon Brown MP; lecturer in telecommunications; investment executive; and reporter on BBC TV and radio. Mr Mulgan is currently a Visiting Professor at London School of Economics, University College London and Melbourne University as well as a regular lecturer at the China Executive Leadership Academy and an adviser to many governments around the world. He is also chair of the Studio Schools Trust and the Social Innovation Exchange. Mr Mulgan’s most recent book is ‘The Locust and the Bee’, Princeton University Press, 2013. His next book, for Princeton University Press, focuses on the theory and practice of collective intelligence.
Dr Gerard Lyons is an expert on the global economy, financial markets and monetary policy. He has a portfolio of roles in finance, universities and economics, including Chief Economic Strategist at Netwealth Investments, Advisory Board of the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and Board Member of Bank of China (UK). He is co-author of Clean Brexit (Biteback publishers). Dr Lyons previously held senior roles at Chase, Swiss Bank, DKB International and Standard Chartered Bank. He was Chief Economic Advisor to Boris Johnson in his second term as Mayor of London, where among other things Lyons championed the Living Wage.
Radosław (Radek) Sikorski is Senior Fellow at the Center for European Studies, Harvard University. He was formerly Poland’s minister of defence (2005-2007), foreign minister (2007-2014) and speaker of parliament (2014-2015). Born and raised in Bydgoszcz, Poland, Mr. Sikorski led a student strike committee there in 1981 as part of the Solidarity movement. He graduated from Oxford University with a B.A. and an M.A. in Politics, Philosophy and Economics (PPE). He then served as a war reporter in Afghanistan and Angola. In 1988, he was awarded the World Press Photo for spot news. Mr Sikorski returned to his home country in 1989. From 2001 till 2005 he was a resident scholar at the American Enterprise Institute in Washington D.C. As minister of foreign affairs, Mr Sikorski was the Polish signatory of the Treaty of Lisbon, in 2007. Together with Carl Bildt, he launched EU’s Eastern Partnership. He proposed and helped to set up the European Endowment for Democracy. He negotiated and signed the Poland-Russia regional visa-free regime, Poland-US missile defence agreement and – together with foreign ministers of Germany and France, the accord between the pro-EU opposition and Ukrainian President Yanukovych, in 2013. In 2012, Foreign Policy named him one of its 100 global thinkers for “telling the truth even when it's not diplomatic.”
Charles Grant helped to found the Centre for European Reform in 1996. In January 1998 he left The Economist to become the CER’s first director. He is the author of numerous CER publications, including Russia, China and global governance (2012) and How to build a modern European Union (2013). He works on, among other subjects, EU foreign and defence policy, Russia, China, the euro and global governance.
After studying modern history at Cambridge University, Mr Grant took a diploma in French politics at Grenoble University. Returning to London, Grant joined Euromoney, the financial magazine, in 1981. He moved to The Economist in 1986, where he wrote about the City. In 1987 he began a series of articles which exposed the County NatWest-Blue Arrow scandal, which led to two Department of Trade and Industry inquiries and a long criminal trial.
In 1989 The Economist posted Mr Grant to Brussels, to cover the European Community. In 1993 he returned to The Economist’s London office, soon becoming defence editor. His biography of Commission President Jacques Delors (Delors: Inside the House that Jacques Built, published by Nicholas Brealey) appeared in 1994. It was subsequently translated into French, Japanese and Russian.
He was a director and trustee of the British Council from 2002 to 2008. He is a member of the international advisory boards of the Moscow School of Civic Education, the Turkish think-tank EDAM and the French think-tank Terra Nova. He is a member of the council of the Ditchley Foundation, and chairman of the foundation's programme committee. He is a vice chairman of Business for New Europe and a member of the campaign council of British Influence. In 2004 he became a chevalier of France’s Ordre Nationale du Mérite, and in 2013 a Companion of St Michael and St George (CMG) "for services to European and wider international policy-making". In 2015 he was awarded the Bene Merito medal by the Polish government.
Mr Grant is a regular contributor to the Financial Times, the International New York Times and many other publications.
Sven Smit is a Director in the Amsterdam Office of McKinsey & Company. He leads the Western European region, after heading the global Strategy Practice for 5 years. He is a member of McKinsey’s Shareholders Council and Operating Committee.
Mr Smit meets clients across all sections in his various roles and brings “pattern recognition” from across these sectors. On Strategy, he is an expert on growth and performance as a co-author of “Granularity of Growth”, and has wide and deep experience in Strategy and transformation of enterprise wide scale.
Mr Smit leads McKinsey's perspective on the global economy, and develops global and country GDP scenarios leveraging its unique global growth model, anchored by 130 variables of consistent statistics over 30 years.
Recently, he co-authored the report “A Window of Opportunity for Europe” together with the McKinsey Global Institute, describing the potential of Europe for growth and what it would take to get there.
Mr Smit is a Mechanical Engineer with a degree from Delft University of Technology and holds an INSEAD M.B.A. Prior to joining McKinsey (in 1992) he worked at Philips Research Laboratories (Measurement and Control) as an Engineer/Researcher.
Jeremy Shapiro is the Director of Research at the European Council on Foreign Relations in London. Prior to ECFR, he was a Fellow in Foreign Policy at the Brookings Institution. From 2009 to 2013, he was a member of the US State Department’s Policy Planning Staff and Senior Advisor to the Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian affairs. Before joining the State Department, Mr Shapiro was Director of Research at the Center of the United States and Europe (CUSE) at the Brookings Institution and a fellow in foreign policy studies from 2002-2009. He has been an adjunct professor at both Columbia University and Georgetown University and an advisor to the NATO International Security Assistance Force in Afghanistan. He also has published several books and monographs including, with Nick Witney, Towards a Post-American Europe: A Power Audit of US-EU Relations (ECFR, 2009), with Michael O’Hanlon, Protecting the Homeland 2006/7 (Brookings Press, 2006) and with Philip Gordon, Allies at War: America, Europe, and the Crisis over Iraq (McGraw-Hill, 2004).
David Goodhart is a former Financial Times journalist, founder and first editor of Prospect magazine, author of The British Dream: Successes and Failures of Post-War Immigration, former Director of the think tank Demos, currently Director of the Integration Hub and Head of the Demography, Immigration and Integration unit of Policy Exchange think tank.
Oussama Ammar has always been an Entrepreneur – he got his first taste of the start-up world when he was 12 years old and launched one of the first web agencies in France. He spent a few years working on it with multiple spin-offs and independents platforms, including one of the first online antique shops. In his early 20's, after a quick detour through the social sciences, law, logic and philosophy at La Sorbonne, Mr Ammar created Hypios that became, in less than three years, one of the few open innovation leaders in the world. As an angel investor for over two years with 21+ active deals (most of them Silicon Valley-based), Mr Ammar is trying to scale this by founding TheFamily, an accelerator for early-stage startups that supports them from  to  through education and unfair advantages. He is also a lecturer on Entrepreneurship at Sciences Po Paris. Mr Ammar is a Lebanese-born French citizen. He grew up in Africa and France, worked in Paris, Hong Kong, Sao Paulo and San Francisco, making him a true global citizen.
Roula Khalaf is the Deputy Editor of the Financial Times. In this role she provides strategic direction for the FT’s editorial coverage and its large global network of foreign correspondents. An award-winning journalist, she also writes a weekly column on international affairs. Prior to this role, she served as the FT’s Foreign Editor and Assistant Editor, responsible for overseeing the FT’s editorial coverage of Europe, the Middle East and Africa and the management of the FT’s international network. Her promotion to Foreign Editor came after she served for more than a decade as the FT's Middle East Editor, overseeing the launch of the FT's Middle East edition and leading coverage of the financial crisis in the Gulf and later the Arab spring. Ms Khalaf joined the FT in 1995 as North Africa correspondent and before that she was a staff writer for Forbes magazine in New York, where she focused on corporate reporting accounting. She holds a Master's degree in International Affairs from Columbia University. Ms Khalaf's series on Qatar won the Foreign Press Association’s Feature story of the year in 2013 and she was named foreign commentator of the year at the Editorial Intelligence Comment Awards in 2016. She appears regularly on national and international TV and radio.
George Parker was appointed political editor for the Financial Times in September 2007. He has won acclaim for his coverage of the financial crisis and the political drama leading up to the formation of the coalition government.
George's career as a political journalist stretches back to 1990 when he became the Western Morning News political editor, covering the downfall of Margaret Thatcher. He joined the FT as a political correspondent in 1995.
In 2010 he was elected chairman of the parliamentary press gallery and was shortlisted for the UK Press Gazette awards as political journalist of the year. In a UKPG ranking of the top 50 political journalists, George was rated third in a survey of his peers. He is a regular broadcaster on television and radio, and is a guest presenter of Radio 4's Week in Westminster and What the Papers Say
Apart from political journalism, he was the FT's bureau chief in Brussels from 2002-7 and he remains a close follower of European politics. He was the FT's UK news editor from 1999-2002.
George read geography at Queen Mary College, London and was born in 1966. He grew up in Guildford and on a farm in Devon. His interests include a deluded passion for Crystal Palace, cricket and cycling. He is married to Gabrielle, with three children, Jack, Ellie and Maddie.
Follow George on Twitter: @GeorgeParkerFT
Sarah Gordon spent 18 years at the Financial Times, where she ran the paper’s corporate coverage during the financial crisis, and was most recently Business Editor and Associate Editor. Before journalism, she worked in fund management in the UK and the US, and at the UN Conference for Trade and Development in Geneva. She was a panel member of the recent independent inquiry into the future of civil society, led by Julia Unwin CBE, and was formerly a trustee of CSV, one of the UK’s largest volunteering charities. She is a visiting professor at Kings College London.
John Thornhill was appointed Innovation Editor in February 2016 with a brief to deepen the FT’s coverage of technology and write a regular column on its impact on our economies, societies, and lives. For the previous seven years he was deputy editor and news editor helping to steer the FT’s global news agenda.
Since joining the FT in 1988 as a graduate trainee, John has also worked as the Europe edition editor, Paris bureau chief, world news editor, Asia editor, Moscow bureau chief, Lex columnist and companies reporter.
He founded and runs the FT's 125 executive forum, which holds monthly meetings for senior executives from a range of industries. Previous speakers have included Bill Gates, Jack Dorsey, Ana Botin, and Mark Carney. He hosts FT Tech Tonic, a weekly podcast on the impact of technology. John is also the founder of Sifted, an FT-backed startup media site for Europe's next generation entrepreneurs.
Peter Spiegel has been the FT's News Editor since May, and was previously Brussels Bureau Chief. He returned to the FT in 2010 after spending five years covering foreign policy and national security issues from Washington for the Wall Street Journal and the Los Angeles Times, focusing on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. He first joined the FT in 1999 covering business regulation and corporate crime in its Washington bureau, before spending four years covering military affairs and the defence industry in London and Washington.
Anne-Sylvaine Chassany is the Paris Bureau Chief for the Financial Times, writing about politics and the economy. Prior to this role, she was the FT's Gobal Private Equity Correspondent. Before joining the FT in 2012, she worked for Bloomberg News and Dow Jones/The Wall Street Journal in Paris and London, reporting on mergers and acquisitions, energy and European financial institutions. A graduate of French business school HEC and a former associate at Paribas in Paris and New York, she won the ‘One to Watch’ award from The Work Foundation’s WorkWorld Media Awards in 2006 for ‘Heat builds on Mittal to improve safety and wages’ following a reporting trip to Kazakhstan. She is the co-author of Enron, la faillite qui ébranla l’Amérique, published in 2003.
Quentin Peel joined the FT in 1975, and was variously correspondent in Johannesburg, Africa editor, bureau chief in Brussels, Moscow, and Bonn. He was foreign editor and international affairs editor from 1994-2010, and finally chief correspondent in Berlin until 2013.
He writes about Europe and international relations, security and geopolitics, trying to disentangle fact from fantasy, and read between the lines of propaganda and prejudice. He is now Mercator senior fellow on the European programme at Chatham House in London.
08:00 Registration and breakfast
09:00 Opening remarks
Lionel Barber, Editor, Financial Times
09:10 Keynote: Britain in Europe
Rt Hon David Lidington MP, Minister of State for Europe
09:40 Panel: Stabilising the eurozone – prospects and pitfalls
The eurozone has lurched from crisis to crisis since 2010. Although many difficult reforms have been agreed, fundamental changes to stabilise the common currency still need to be discussed.
- What are the prospects for eliminating the threat of Greek exit?
- How susceptible is the eurozone to external shocks?
- What long-term measures are needed to cope with future crises?
- Is fully-fledged fiscal union feasible or necessary?
- Does closer integration require a eurozone parliament and a bigger budget?
- What must be done to create a genuine capital markets union?
- How does the City of London fit into the future eurozone financial architecture?
- What are the prospects for further enlargement of the eurozone?
Peter Spiegel, Brussels Bureau Chief, Financial Times
Jörg Asmussen, Senior Fellow, Jaques Delors Institute
Sylvie Goulard, Member of the European Parliament, Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Vittorio Grilli, Chairman of the Corporate & Investment Bank, EMEA, J.P. Morgan
George Papaconstantinou, Greek Finance Minister 2009-2011
10:30 Keynote: Securing a prosperous future for the UK outside the EU
Leaving the EU means taking back control over making our laws and spending our money. It would also give us the opportunity to negotiate trade agreements with countries around the world. The risks of staying in the EU are significant with ever more power transferred away from the people we can hold to account at an election. Further expansion of the EU to include countries like Turkey is also likely to place ever more strain on our immigration system.
Rt Hon Theresa Villiers MP, Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
10:50 Morning refreshments
11:10 Panel: Considering the UK's future in or out of the European Union
The UK’s status as an EU member state hangs in the balance. As the day of the referendum draws near, the need for truly balanced debate on the potential consequences of both leaving and remaining is clear.
- Would the UK be better able to forge its own trade deals and make its own way in the world outside the EU?
- People warned that London would suffer if the UK joined the euro. That didn't happen. Why? And what lessons can we learn from that?
- Will the UK have less burdensome regulations if it stays or leaves the EU?
- Will multinationals really change their investment plans if the UK leaves?
- Can eurozone integration and UK renegotiation create a win-win scenario?
- What would Brexit mean for London as the global financial centre?
George Parker, Political Editor, Financial Times
James Grand, Partner, Freshfields
Gerard Lyons, Chief Economic Advisor to the Mayor of London
Prof. Juergen Maier, Chief Executive, Siemens plc
Anand Menon, Director, UK in a Changing Europe
John Mills, Chairman, JML
12:10 Panel: Europe and the business reform agenda
European growth and competitiveness are under pressure. Overall productivity across the EU has been weak and the reasons are still unclear. Progress to complete the single market in services is one priority, as is a digital union and an energy union to boost investment and growth.
- How can slow growth be boosted while EU states are struggling to reduce indebtedness?
- How can public and private investment be boosted?
- Why is productivity in Europe lagging behind Asia and the US?
- Whose economic model is the most competitive?
- What single market reforms would help businesses most?
- What is the outlook for the UK financial services industry?
- Who has the most to gain from the Capital Markets Union and why?
- Why is Europe taking so long to build a digital union?
- Why is an energy union important for the EU?
Sarah Gordon, Business Editor, Financial Times
Lady Barbara Judge, Chair, Institute of Directors
Helena Morrissey, Chief Executive Officer, Newton Investment Management
Benoît Potier, Chairman of the European Round Table of Industrialists (ERT), Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Air Liquide
Sven Smit, Director, McKinsey & Company
13:00 Networking lunch
14:00 Debate: Europe over the horizon
Perspectives on Europe’s future - socially, economically and technologically
John Thornhill, Innovation Editor, Financial Times
Oussama Ammar, Co-Founder, TheFamily
Geoff Mulgan, Chief Executive, Nesta
14:30 Panel: Migration and security in the European Union
Europe needs a coordinated strategy to deal with the flow of migrants and refugees into the continent while preserving security. External borders must be reinforced if internal borders are to remain open. The economic case for free movement of labour must be balanced against political pressure to restrain immigration.
- How can Europe develop a sustainable common policy to deal with the flow of refugees and migrants?
- What are the prospects for a common immigration and asylum strategy?
- Should there be national quotas for refugees?
- How can the EU reconcile the need for labour mobility with the backlash against migration?
- Should stricter migration policy be part of a new European security strategy?
- What impact would stricter border controls have on the free movement of labour across Europe?
- Can the Schengen Agreement survive?
Quentin Peel, Commentator, Financial Times
Elizabeth Collett. Director, Migration Policy Institute Europe
Charles Grant, Director, Centre for European Reform
David Goodhart, Head of Demography, Immigration and Integration Unit, Policy Exchange
Peter Sutherland, Special Representative for International Migration, United Nations
15:20 Afternoon refreshments
15:40 Panel: Strengthening Europe’s global role
Renewed terror attacks in Europe and the refugee crisis have refocused attention on European security and foreign policy. There are calls for a more robust and coherent neighbourhood policy, and better crisis prevention and crisis management policies.
- How can Europe play a more effective role in the middle-east?
- Is Russia a strategic rival or still a potential partner?
- What effect will the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership have on EU-US relations?
- Is TTIP the best way to reengage with the United States?
- Should Europe have its own army?
- What are the prospects for closer relations with China?
Roula Khalaf, Deputy Editor, Financial Times
Emma Bonino, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (2013-14)
Jeremy Shapiro, Research Director, European Council on Foreign Relations
Radek Sikorski, Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs 2007-2014 and Senior Fellow, Harvard University
16:30 Keynote Interview: The importance of a united Europe in an uncertain world
Political and economic division within the European Union makes headlines and creates tension, but it is vital that member states achieve solidarity in the face of economic and geopolitical uncertainty.
Emmanuel Macron, French Minister of the Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs
Interviewed by Anne-Sylvaine Chassany, Paris Bureau Chief, Financial Times
17:00 Closing remarks
17:10 Drinks reception
- C-Suite professionals from finance, energy, healthcare, manufacturing, transport, technology and other sectors
- Business professionals working in government relations, political risk, regulatory affairs, investment strategy and operations
- Economists and policy experts from think tanks and academia specialising in European and foreign affairs
- Politicians and senior staff from EU institutions including the European Commission, European Council, European Parliament and ECB
- Directors and consultants for international trade organisations and regulatory agencies
- Ambassadors and diplomats from European Union member states and nations trading with the EU
- Hear from EU political leaders with the power to make policy and influence regulation
- Learn how policies to boost growth and competitiveness in the EU could affect your business
- Gain a balanced perspective on divisive issues like sovereignty and labour mobility
- Discuss security concerns and their potential impact on EU foreign policy
- Connect with global businesses leaders from a variety of industries
Knowledge partner (1)
The McKinsey Global Institute (MGI) is the business and economics research arm of McKinsey & Company, the global management consultancy.
In its report on the European economy published in 2015 –A Window of Opportunity for Europe—MGI took a measured, in-depth look at the economic conditions in Europe, and found some reasons for optimism beyond the frequent short-term talk of crisis. Falling oil prices, the decline in the value of the Euro and the European Central Bank’s quantitative easing measures together create an environment propitious for bold change. By taking action on 11 growth drivers at the national level and, at the same time, stimulating investment and job creation at the European level, Europe could close its output gap, achieve sustained GDP growth of 2-3% and create 20 million jobs. Many of the solutions examined are already global best practice in at least one European country, and a survey accompanying the report suggests that the European public would be ready to make tradeoffs for higher incomes and better services.
While the report identified the “why” and the “what,” it did not focus on the “how.” So in March this year, MGI launched its first Essay Prize: An Opportunity for Europe? asking thinkers from all over the world to come up with innovative and workable new ideas for how to create and implement a pro-growth strategy across Europe that can win over both policy-makers and the public.
Download the report and enter the prize at: www.EssayForEurope.com
Lead sponsor (1)
Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer LLP is a global law firm with a long-standing track record of successfully supporting the world's leading national and multinational corporations, financial institutions and governments on ground-breaking and business-critical mandates. Our 2,800 plus lawyers deliver results worldwide through our own offices and alongside leading local firms. Our commitment, local and multi-national expertise and business know-how means our clients rely on us when it matters most.
In association with (2)
The Centre for European Reform is an independent think-tank which aims to promote an open, outward-looking and effective European Union. The CER is pro-European but not uncritical. We regard European integration as largely beneficial but recognise that in many respects the Union does not work well. We also think that the EU should take on more responsibilities globally, on issues ranging from climate change to security.
Through our meetings, seminars and conferences, we bring together people from the worlds of politics and business, as well as other opinion-formers. The conclusions of our research and seminars are reflected in our publications.
King’s College London is one of England’s oldest and most prestigious universities. A multifaculty research-led institution, King’s offers an intellectually rigorous environment. Its mission is to serve society both in the UK and abroad. The Policy Institute at King's links insightful research with rapid, relevant policy analysis to stimulate forward-looking debate and shape future policy agendas. It aims to improve evidence-informed policy and practice by facilitating mutual engagement between academic, business and policy communities around current and future policy needs in the UK and globally. The Policy Institute combines the academic excellence of King’s College with the connectedness of think tanks and the professionalism of consultancies.