To address the quickly evolving risk of illicit trade, the Financial Times – in partnership with PMI IMPACT – brings together business executives, thought leaders and senior policy makers to discuss the core opportunities and challenges for multisector action to fight illegal trade and related crimes. The conference will look at the concerns of different stakeholder groups and advance solutions to address the root causes of illegal commerce, the changing nature of the issue and the priority areas for action.
Combating Illicit Trade
Progress, Challenges and Collaborative Solutions
Republic of Estonia
Basel Institute on Governance
Global Financial Integrity
Trade in illicit goods is far from being new, but it is a massive and entrenched global problem that affects almost every industrial sector. Enabled by increasing globalisation, illegal trade has exploded in the past couple of decades, eroding government revenues, tarnishing companies’ and industries’ reputation, destroying jobs and endangering consumers. Illicit trade stifles innovation, disrupts markets for suppliers, distributors and retailers and hampers the research and development of new products and ideas.
Today, illegal trade takes different forms – ranging from the smuggling and counterfeiting of goods to human, drugs, arms, and wildlife trafficking. These forms are frequently interlinked and converge, as wrongdoers exploit the same large-scale trafficking routes and modes of operation. While the exact magnitude of illicit trade is difficult to assess, billions of dollars are generated through this shadow economy. Recent estimates put the total value of illegal trade goods at USD 650 billion. Beyond the economic significance of illicit trade, its diffusion is likely to have a much deeper impact, whether it is on the weakening of institutions, on the harmful effects to our trading system or on the destruction of the world’s ecological balance and sustainability.
Although several efforts have been undertaken to curb smuggling, counterfeiting and piracy, illicit markets continue to thrive across industry segments. Effectively dealing with illicit trade requires coordination between multiple actors and a more strategic and holistic approach. How can the private sector, government, law enforcement and civil society work together to ensure clean trade? How can international cooperation be strengthened and integrated approaches that protect human value be prioritised? What are the barriers for effective, multi-sectoral coordination?
Urmas Reinsalu has served as the Minister of Justice of the Republic of Estonia since April 2015. He is a member of the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union. Previously, Minister Reinsalu was a member of the XII composition of the Parliament (Riigikogu) ( 2014-1015), served as the Minister of Defence (2012-2014) and was a member of the the X, XI and the XII composition of the Parliament (Riigikogu) (2007-2013).
Prior to this, Minister Reinsalu also worked as a lecturer at the Estonian Academy of Security Sciences, as the Political Secretary of the Res Publica Party, as the Director of the Office of the President, as a Domestic Policy Adviser to the President and as a legal specialist at the Ministry of Justice.
Minister Reinsalu is a graduate from the 37th Tallinn Secondary School and the Faculty of Law of Tartu University.
Gretta Fenner is the Managing Director of the Basel Institute on Governance, where she also holds the position of Director of the Institute’s International Centre for Asset Recovery (ICAR). At ICAR, she oversees and directs the capacity building support and technical and legal advice provided by a team of law enforcement and legal practitioners to ICAR’s partner countries in the investigation and prosecution of complex international anti-corruption and money laundering cases, with the ultimate purpose of recovering stolen public assets to their country of origin.
Ms Fenner is a political scientist by training with Bachelor and Master’s degrees from the Free University Berlin, Germany, and the Paris Institute for Political Science ("Sciences Po Paris"), France, as well as an MBA from Curtin University Graduate School of Business, Australia
Tom Cardamone is the Managing Director of Global Financial Integrity (GFI). Mr Cardamone is responsible for strategic planning, promoting organizational goals and policy positions to key audiences including high-level government officials and multilateral institutions, and identifying new revenue streams. Most recently he has led the promotion of GFI’s trade risk-assessment database – GFTrade – which enables developing nations to collect more domestic resources for development.
For two decades he has been an analyst, Project Director and Executive Director for, and a consultant to, several non-profit organizations. During his career Mr Cardamone has advocated numerous policy positions on television, radio and in print media including appearances on CNN, CNBC, Canadian Broadcasting among others and in newspapers including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and The Washington Post. He has delivered remarks on various policy issues at the United Nations, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, and testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. He also was a contributing author for the book War or Health: A Reader.
Erik Barnett is the Regional Head of Europe for Financial Crime Threat Mitigation at HSBC. In this role, he oversees investigations of financial crime as well as production of intelligence and analytics capabilities to proactively identify risk.
Prior to this role, Mr Barnett was the U.S Homeland Security attaché to the European Union and engaged extensively with European law enforcement and Europol on anti-money laundering and counter-terrorism financing as well as emerging risks.
Formerly, Mr Barnett was the Assistant Deputy Director of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, where his portfolio included the criminal investigative functions of Homeland Security Investigations (HSI). For fifteen years, Mr Barnett was a prosecutor at the local and federal levels in the United States and led several units handling narcotics, violent crime, and international organized crime. Mr Barnett also worked previously in the U.S. Congress and taught courses at law school and university.
M.Cherif Bassiouni is Emeritus Professor of Law at DePaul University where he taught from 1964-2009. He was a founding member of the International Human Rights Law Institute at DePaul University, serving as President and then President Emeritus. He was one of the founders of the International Institute of Higher Studies in Criminal Sciences (ISISC) where he served as General-Secretary, Dean and then President. He also served as the Secretary General, President and Honorary President of the International Association of Penal Law.
Professor Bassiouni was a Guest Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington D.C., a Visiting Professor of Law at New York University Law School, a Fulbright-Hays Professor of International Criminal Law at the University of Freiburg and a non-resident Professor of Criminal Law at University of Cairo.
Since 1975, Professor Bassiouni has been appointed to 22 United Nations positions. He has also served as Chair of the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry and as a consultant to the U.S. Department of State and Department of Justice on projects related, among others, to the international traffic of drugs and the international control of terrorism.
To date, Professor Bassiouni has authored 27 books, edited 45 books, and authored 265 articles on International Criminal Law, Comparative Criminal Law, Human Rights, and U.S. Criminal Law that have been published in various law journals and books.
Florian Becker studied law in Bonn from 1990 to 1994 passing the the First State Examination in 1995. He worked as a Research Assistant at the University of Cologne, where he was awarded the title of “Dr. jur” in 1997 for his thesis about “Die Vernetzung der Landesbanken“. Mr Becker studied for an LL.M. at the University of Cambridge, where he was awarded the Clive Parry Prize (Overseas) for International Law(1997). He passed the Second State Examination in 1999. From 2000 to 2004, he worked as a Senior Research Fellow at the Max-Planck-Project Group “Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods” (former “Law of the Common Goods”, Bonn). After his habilitation in 2004, he was awarded the venia legendi for Constitutional Law, Administrative Law including Comparative Law and European Law by the University of Bonn. Me Becker held a Sixth-Century Chair in Law at Aberdeen University Law School from 2004 to 2008. In 2008 he was appointed as a Professor for Public Law at the Christian-Albrechts-University, Kiel. From 2014 to 2016 Mr Becker served as Dean of the Law School. Mr Becker has published extensively in different fields of German and European Public Law. He also acts as Counsel for governments and corporations in Constitutional Courts.
André Calantzopoulos was appointed Chief Executive Officer and was elected to the Board of Directors of Philip Morris International (PMI) in May 2013.
Previously, he served as PMI’s Chief Operating Officer, from the company’s spin-off in March 2008 until May 2013. Prior to the spin-off, Mr Calantzopoulos was PMI’s President and Chief Executive Officer, a position he held since 2002.
After joining PMI in 1985, he worked extensively across Central Europe, including as Managing Director of PM Poland and President of the Eastern European Region.
Mr Calantzopoulos holds a Degree in Electrical Engineering from Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne and an MBA from INSEAD in France.
Francesco Calderoni is a Researcher at Transcrime since 2005. He is an Associate Professor of Criminology at the Faculty of Political and Social Sciences, and Coordinator of the International PhD in Criminology at the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore in Milan. He has coordinated several research projects at national and international level, including PROTON - Modelling the processes leading to organised crime and terrorist networks and DIGIWHIST - The Digital Whistleblower. Fiscal Transparency, Risk Assessment and Impact of Good Governance Policies Assessed, 2015-2018.
His fields of interest are organised crime and organised crime policies; the application of social network analysis to criminal organisations; and the illicit trade in tobacco products.
David Ellero is the Head of Economic and Property Crime Unit at Europol since February 2017
Mr Ellero joined the Italian Carabinieri Corps in 1996 as a Second Lieutenant. After two years in the riot Police and one in NATO, went into the investigation field in the towns of Avellino and in the Province of Naples where he was in charge of Organised Crime and Homicides.
He joined Europol in 2007 as a Project manager responsible for Human Trafficking, from 2012 to 2017 he was leading Europol’s response on Mafia-type Organised Crime.
Commander Spyridon Evangelidis graduated from the Hellenic Merchant Marine Academy, as Deck Officer, on 1993 and worked for two years at merchant ships as a Lieutenant. On 1995, he joined the Hellenic Navy and served his term in a Mine Sweeper. On 1997, he was named Ensign HCG from the Hellenic Naval Academy. His first assignment was at a HCG’s Patrol Boat as a Skipper, a position he held until 2001. During this period he took part in many operations at sea against drug traffickers and smugglers of goods, such as cigarette smugglers. He was then transferred at the Joined Rescue Coordination Center of Piraeus (JRCC Piraeus), where he served as a Mission Control Coordinator (MCC) until 2007. On 2008 he graduated from the Navy War College and until 2011 he served as the Head Officer of the Department of Maritime Accidents of HCG HQs. After that he leaded the HCG HQs Search and Rescue Directorate and on 2014 he was transferred at Houston, Texas, USA as a Maritime Attaché. On 2016, he was appointed Director of the Drugs and Contraband Enforcement Directorate of the HCG HQs.
Cooperation among agencies, both inside and outside of Greece, in tackling all kinds of illicit trafficking of drugs and goods, prosecution and dismantling of organized networks conclude his priorities, whilst representing HCG in bilateral and international meetings is also his concern.
During his career he has been awarded with the following honors: (A) Decorations: Commander’s High Cross of the Order of Honor and Commander’s High Cross of the Order of Phoenix; (B) Medals of: Military Merit B Class; (C) Awards: Maritime Medal A Class for Rescue at Sea, Meritorious Command Medal B Class, Meritorious Staff Officer Commendation Medal B Class, Medal of Multiannual Service B Class.
Niccolo’ Figa-Talamanca joined No Peace Without Justice in May 1998 as Legal Counsel; since 2002 he served as Program Director, responsible for policy development and operational management of the projects. In 2009, he was elected as Secretary General of No Peace Without Justice.
Before joining No Peace Without Justice, Mr Figa-Talamanca was a Visiting Scholar at Columbia University in New York and worked for the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights (now Human Rights First) as their International Criminal Court consultant. From 1995 to 1997, he clerked for Judge Sir Ninian Stephen, at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. Mr Figa-Talamanca has extensive field experience in human rights documentation and has led conflict mapping operations in various conflict and post-conflict countries. He has advised many governments and institutions on the establishment and operating methodology of international criminal justice institutions and other accountability processes. In July 1998, he represented the delegation of Bosnia and Herzegovina at the Diplomatic Conference that adopted the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, and at subsequent sessions of the Preparatory Commissions and the Assembly of States Parties.
Mr Figa-Talamanca holds a PhD in International Criminal Law from the University of Palermo, a LL.M. in International Law from the University of Nottingham, which was later also converted to a Laurea in International Studies from the University of Bologna, and a Bachelors of Arts with Honours from the University of Leeds.
Alvise Giustiniani has been with PMI for the past 24 years, and was appointed to his current role as Vice President Illicit Trade Strategies & Prevention in 2015.
Prior to this, he held the role of Area Vice President in Philip Morris Asia, based in Hong Kong.
After three years’ experience in the engineering industry at Sir William Halcrow & Partners in London, he joined PMI in 1993. In 1996, he took on the role of Business Development Manager, based in Lausanne, Switzerland. He was promoted to Business Development and Corporate Affairs Director in 2000. He has also held the roles of Managing Director of Tabaqueira, PMI’s affiliate in Portugal, and Managing Director Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary, based in Prague.
Mr Giustiniani holds an MBA from INSEAD in France and has a degree in civil engineering from the University of Padua, Italy.
Lukasz Gruszczynski, Associate Professor of Public International Law at the Institute of Law Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences (Warsaw, Poland); currently Research Fellow at the HAS Centre for Social Sciences Institute for Legal Studies and International Chair at the National University of Public Service (Budapest, Hungary). He specializes in WTO law and risk regulation, including regulation of tobacco products. He is Managing Co-Editor of the Polish Yearbook of International Law.
Stephane Jacobzone co-ordinates the OECD activities on Public Governance and Risk at the OECD, including a leading role in coordinating the High Level Risk Forum (HLRF) and the Task Force on Countering Illicit Trade (TFCIT). The OECD work on counterfeits, which has been conducted jointly with EUIPO is under the responsibility of the task force, which is currently also developing country studies and other thematic work to assess the impacts of illicit trade in terms of trade routes and other aspects. Mr Jacobzone co-ordinated the OECD 2015 Public Governance Ministerial Meeting held in Helsinki and the previous 2010 Public Governance Ministerial Meeting held in Venice. He has experience in general regulatory policy issues, the governance of sectoral regulators, as well as previous experience in the area of health, ageing, pharmaceuticals, welfare, public finance and social affairs matters. Mr Jacobzone began his carrier at the French Treasury and is a former alumni of the Ecole Polytechnique, France and the French National School for Statistics and Economic Studies.
Jeffrey Hardy is a seasoned executive with 25 years' experience strengthening the voice of business in international policy. Before joining TRACIT, he served as the Director of the International Chamber of Commerce’s Business Action to Stop Counterfeiting and Piracy (BASCAP), where he united the global business community to fight illicit trade in the forms of trademark counterfeiting and copyright piracy and build global awareness on its social and economic damages. In this leadership position, he successfully pioneered mitigation tactics for securing supply chains and digital channels; and pressed governments to set higher standards for global performance and allocate resources.
Since 2010, he also served as Director of the ICC G20 CEO Advisory Group, where he coordinated international business priorities on the G20 policy agenda, related to trade, investment, energy and anti-corruption. Mr Hardy has long been an advocate of open and fair trade, and to achieve these goals he mobilised expertise from companies and business organizations of all sizes in all regions of the world. As President of IDA Consulting, Mr Hardy has worked with dozens of international trade associations to help them more effectively navigate key policy arenas and gain from emerging legislative and regulatory regimes.
From 1985 to 1998, Mr Hardy worked for the U.S. Department of Energy, where he held positions as International Energy Economist and Director of the U.S. Clean Cities program. Mr Hardy holds a Master of Public Administration and Policy from George Mason University, a Bachelor of Science in Economics from Illinois State University and an Honorary Degree for Energy Policy from the Oxford College of Petroleum Studies. In 1992, Mr Hardy was awarded the U.S. Secretary of Energy's Silver Medal for his meritorious service during the Gulf War.
Suzanne Hayden has spent thirty years in public service and law enforcement serving as a senior advisor to members of the US government (Justice, State, Treasury, Intelligence and Defense) and to International Organizations: International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY), United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA). Ms. Hayden is a licensed attorney in the United States.
A former Senior Prosecutor for the US Department of Justice, Ms Hayden served as lead prosecutor on over 30 money laundering and drug trafficking organized crime cases and coordinated international investigations on drugs, illicit trade and counterfeiting. She was US DOJ’s first National Security Coordinator and was the DOJ representative to the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), the global standard setter for combatting money laundering and terrorist finance.
She has worked throughout the world providing technical assistance and legislative drafting as a senior prosecutor in the Asset Forfeiture and Money Laundering Section and was a resident legal advisor in Russia and Turkey. As a prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, Ms Hayden established the UN’s first financial investigation unit and led the financial investigation of Slobodan Milosevic.
She currently provides technical assistance and advice to organizations in the public and private sectors, in the area of integrity building, anti-corruption, anti-money laundering and countering complex financial crime and terrorist financing.
Alain Juillet is the President of the Club des Directeurs de Sécurité des Entreprises (CDSE) and of the Académie de l’Intelligence Economique.
Previously, Mr Juillet served as the Head of Corporate Development at Pernod Ricard, General Director of Suchard, Deputy Managing Director of Union Laitière Normande, General Manager of Générale Ultra Frais, General Director of France Champignon, CEO of Marks & Spencer France and Senior Advisor of the Orrick Rambaud Martel law firm.
Between 2002 and 2003, Mr Juillet served as Intelligence Director for the French General Directorate for External Security (DGSE) of the French Ministry of Defense, and then assumed the role of Senior Official in charge of economic intelligence to the Prime Minister’s office until 2009. In 2009, he received the rank of Honor Legion Commander of France.
'Tom Keatinge is the Director of the Centre for Financial Crime & Security Studies at the Royal United Services Institute where his research focuses on the intersection of finance and security covering such issues as terrorist financing, human trafficking, counter-proliferation financing, sanctions and the illegal wildlife trade. He is a member of the UK's Joint Money Laundering Intelligence Taskforce's expert groups on terrorist financing and international corruption and is an extensive contributor to print and broadcast media on a range of issues related to illicit finance. He has a Masters in Intelligence and International Security from King's College London. Prior to joining RUSI in 2014 he was an investment banker at J.P. Morgan for 20 years.
Mark A.R. Kleiman is a Professor of Public Policy New York University’s Wagner School of Public Service and Director of the Crime & Justice Program at New York University’s Marron Institute of Urban Management. In addition to his work at NYU, Mr Kleiman is Chairman of BOTEC Analysis, a private research and consulting firm, a member of the Committee on Law and Justice of the United States National Research Council, and co-editor of the Journal of Drug Policy Analysis.
For 19 years he served as a Professor of Public Policy at UCLA’s Luskin School of Public Affairs. He also taught at his alma mater, the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, where he earned Master’s and Doctoral degrees in Public Policy. Prior to his academic career, Mr Kleiman served as Director of the Office of Policy and Management Analysis in the Criminal Division of the U.S. Department of Justice.
Mr Kleiman’s recent subject areas include methods for accommodating imperfect rational decision-making in policy, designing deterrent regimes that take advantage of positive-feedback effects, and the substitution of swiftness and predictability for severity in the criminal justice system. He is a frequent blogger and speaker at international conferences, and he is the author of five books on drug and criminal justice policy.
Alena Kudzko is Deputy Research Director at the GLOBSEC Policy Institute think tank in Bratislava, Slovakia where she oversees policy development work. Her current focus is on European and transatlantic security, including the reform of security institutions and the EU, and migration. She is also the research coordinator for the From criminals to terrorists and back? project that explores the crime-terror nexus. Before joining GLOBSEC, she worked at various NGOs and educational institutions in Belarus, Estonia, and Hungary in the area of foreign relations, democratization, and community development. Ms Kudzko is a Political Scientist by training with a Master’s Degree in International Relations and European Studies from Central European University in Budapest.
Dominique Lamoureux is Vice President, Ethics and Corporate Responsibility for Thales, a global technology leader for the Aerospace, Transport, Defence and Security markets with reported sales of 15 billion euros in 2016.
He defines and monitors, in particular, the Company’s strict policy for compliance with international trade regulations, and more globally, for the development of a comprehensive company-wide ethics policy. He is General Secretary of the Corporate Ethics Committee and represents Thales at the UN’s Global Compact.
Dominique Lamoureux is deeply involved in various business organisations regarding the prevention of corruption. As such, he is a member of “Corporate Responsibility & Anti-Corruption” committee of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and chairs the French Chapter one.
He is also a member of the International Executive Committeeof the MEDEF (Mouvement des Entreprises de France), and of the Business and Industry Advisory Committee to the OCDE (BIAC).
He chairs the Business Ethics Committee of the ASD (AeroSpace and Defence Industries Association of Europe) and the Ethics and Corporate Responsibility Working Group of the GIFAS (Groupement des Industries Françaises Aéronautiques et Spatiales).
He is Vice-Chair of the IFBEC Steering Committee (International Forum on Business Ethical Conduct).
He chairs the Cercle d’Ethique des Affaires. This French association’ mission is to promote ethics and compliance in the management and governance of companies.
He also chairs theEconomic Intelligence Committee of the MEDEF (Mouvement des Entreprises de France) and is Vice Chair of AAIE-IHEDN (Association des Auditeurs en Intelligence Economique de l’Institut des Hautes Etudes de Défense Nationale).
Dominique Lamoureux is a graduate of Political and Economic Sciences (Science-Po Paris). Among various positions within Thales, he has been General Secretary for Thales International (1994 to 2005).
He is an Officer of the French Legion of Honour and of National Order of the Merit.
Pierre Lapaque is a French "Commissaire divisionnaire" of Police (e.g.: Assistant Commissioner) who joined the force in 1982 and worked until the end of 1998 in Regional Crime Squads. Most of his career was spent in the south of France (Marseille, Ajaccio and Nice) as head of the Fraud Squads where he was in charge of numerous inquiries, among others, regarding the Italian and Russian Mafias and their connection with money-laundering offences. In his posts, he also worked with most of the Police and Customs Agencies around the world.
At the beginning of 1999 he was seconded by the Government of France to the Caribbean Financial Action Task Force (CFATF), a Trinidad & Tobago-based Organization, where he was the Deputy Director for more than three years.
In September 2002, he joined the Organization of American States (CICAD), Washington DC based Organization, where he was Senior Anti-Money-Laundering Advisor until August 2005. In this Position he dealt, at the hemispheric level, with all Law Enforcement issues within the Anti-Money-Laundering Unit of the Inter-American Commission against Drug Abuse.
From September 2005 till March 2009, he was the Attaché for Home Affairs at the French Embassy in Portugal and dealt mainly with Portuguese officials of bilateral issues related to Police and Home affairs.
From March 2009 till July 2010, he was the Law Enforcement, Organized Crime and Anti-Money-Laundering Chief of Unit within the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) based in Vienna.
From August 2010 till July 2012, he was the Chief of the Implementation Support Section of the Organized Crime Branch within the UNODC, dealing with all aspects of organized crime and money-laundering.
Since August 2012, he is the UNODC Regional Representative for West and Central Africa. Based in Dakar, Senegal, the office covers 22 countries in the region.
David M. Luna
David M. Luna is the departing Chair of the OECD Task Force on Countering Illicit Trade. As a former U.S. Diplomat including most recently as the Senior Director for National Security and Diplomacy, INL, U.S. Department of State, Mr. Luna helped coordinate diplomatic initiatives on national security and threat convergence including transnational organized crime, corruption, money laundering, terrorist financing, IPR enforcement, counterfeit and pirated goods, cybersecurity/cybercrime, environmental crime, and smuggling/trafficking crimes that impact the US homeland, and destabilize global security and world order. He has participated in numerous global summits, multilateral and inter-governmental meetings and initiatives including involving the United Nations, NATO, World Bank, G7/G20, EU, OECD, APEC, ASEAN, OAS, Arab League, and other international fora.
With over 21+ years of Federal Service in the U.S. Government, Mr. Luna held numerous senior positions with the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL), U.S. Department of State, Mr. Luna also worked in the Office of the Counsel to the President, The White House; Office of the Secretary, Congressional and Inter-Governmental Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor; and the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Special Committee to Investigate Whitewater and Related Matters. Mr. Luna is a graduate of the U.S. Army War College and received his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania and his J.D. from The Columbus School of Law, The Catholic University of America.
Mr. Luna recently launched his new global advisory consultancy, and is advancing and harnessing new energies, partnerships, and a new coalition to mobilize greater collective action around the world to counter illicit trade, illicit markets, and related security threats.
John Mair is Director, Head of Project Integrity at The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and leads the team which advises the Bank on the integrity and reputation risk of its investments. He also runs the EBRD’s internal and external capacity building activities on AML/CFT. Previously he held senior commercial roles at Lloyds Banking Group in Europe and Latin America, before becoming its first Group Financial Crime Director in 2001. In 2006 he was appointed Senior Vice President at Western Union, covering risk in the 130 countries and 200,000 outlets outside the Americas. More recently he was a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Illicit Trade.
Mr Mair’s interest in ethics, governance, and ‘problems’ means that he has served on a variety of UK and international public and private sector committees on the themes of Risk, Ethics, and Governance. Amongst other appointments he sits on the Advisory Board of UCL’s School of Ethics and Laws; is a visiting Professor and Senior Fellow on Financial Integrity at Case Western School of Law (USA); and is a Non Executive Director of an international charity. He is a member of Transparency International’s Business Principles Steering Committee, and represents the EBRD at the OECD FATF.
An alumnus of Durham and Cambridge Universities, he was formerly a schoolmaster, and coach to the Great Britain rowing team.
Dr Aili Malm is a Professor in the School of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Emergency Management at California State University, Long Beach. Dr. Malm’s research interests center on the intersection between policing and social policy. She is interested in the assessment and evaluation of policing strategies and intelligence; integrating empirical evidence and theory to inform social policy; and the effect that policing has on individuals, communities, and society. In this capacity, her research requires an ability to blend theory with advanced methodologies. Her methodological toolkit includes quantitative modeling, social network analysis, spatial analysis, textual analysis using qualitative software, interviewing, and large-scale community surveying. She has worked as a PI or Co-PI on dozens of research grants (over $4 Million), and her peer-reviewed publications appear in Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Crime and Delinquency, International Journal of Drug Policy, Social Networks, Global Crime, Policy Science, and others.
Paul Makin served in the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), where he was responsible for establishing commercially sustainable information networks for businesses, in particular small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in developing countries. The networks also supported South-South cooperation and trade amongst developing countries.
Dr Makin was also responsible for establishing mutually beneficial cooperation agreements with leading IT companies in order to harness the use of information and communication technologies for promoting sustainable industrialization throughout the developing world as a means of improving livelihoods in developing countries.
While Director of the UNIDO Regional Office in Egypt, Dr Makin ensured that the Organization cooperated with Egypt in the fields of reducing poverty, providing job opportunities, spreading technology, improving the environment, promoting productivity and boosting SMEs in order to enhance competitiveness in foreign markets.
Dr Makin holds a PhD in Chemistry from the University of Liverpool.
Chris Martin has 42 years service in HM Customs and Excise and HM Revenue and Customs, with the past 33 years in the criminal investigation and intelligence disciplines. Before his most recent appointment as Counsellor for Fiscal Crime Liaison at the British Embassy, Washington DC, he was Deputy Head of Criminal Investigation Operations in London and South East England.
He has wide international experience. He opened the first drugs liaison post for the National Criminal Intelligence Service in Paris in 1992, and conducted the in-country fieldwork for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office strategic drugs survey of Central Asia in 2001/02. Between 2006 and 2009 he led the HMRC Fiscal Crime Liaison Network through a period of significant expansion in China, Malaysia, Eastern Europe and the UAE.
He has been involved in the UK tackling tobacco smuggling strategy since it’s inception in 2000, and has managed intelligence and criminal investigation operations in this sphere, both in the UK and abroad. He co-chairs the OECD Illicit Trade Taskforce (tobacco sub-group), and is Chair of the International Customs Attachés Group in the US.
Ambassador Alessandro Minuto-Rizzo is the President of the NATO Defense College Foundation.
A strong focus on strategic outlook in complex issues. High level contacts and negotiations. Special attention on countries of strategic relevance i.e. the Gulf region. Frequent Public Diplomacy activities to discuss policies and open issues. He held the position of Deputy Secretary General of the Atlantic Alliance, between 2001 and 2007. His mandate was mostly carried out in the strategic- political-industrial area, in relations with sensitive countries such as those in the Gulf and the Southern Mediterranean. He is the author of the books: The road to Kabul, publisher Il Mulino-Arel (2009) and A political journey without maps, diversity and future in the Greater Middle East. (Rubbettino 2013).
Luis Moreno Ocampo
Luis Moreno Ocampo was the first Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), from 2003 until 2012. During his tenure at the ICC, his office was involved in twenty of the most serious crises of the 21st century including in Iraq, Korea, Afghanistan and Palestine. He conducted investigations for crimes against humanity in seven different countries, including Libya, Sudan, the Ivory Coast and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Previously, Mr Ocampo played a crucial role during the transition to democracy in Argentina, as the Deputy Prosecutor in the "Junta trial" in 1985 and the Prosecutor in the trial against a military rebellion in 1991.
Mr Ocampo was a visiting Professor at Stanford University and Harvard University. After the end of his tenure as ICC Prosecutor, he assumed responsibilities as Chairman of the World Bank Expert Panel on the Padma Bridge project.
Currently, Mr Ocampo is a lawyer in private practice at New York and Associate at the Carr Center for Human Rights at Harvard University.
Peter Neumann is Professor of Security Studies at the Department of War Studies, King’s College London, and has directed the International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR, www.icsr.info) since its foundation in early 2008. He also currently serves as the OSCE Chairman’s Special Representative on Countering Violent Radicalisation.
Professor Neumann’s latest book in English is Radicalized: New Jihadists and the Threat against the West (IB Tauris, 2016), a fully revised version of his German bestseller Die neuen Dschihadisten: ISIS, Europa und die nächste Welle des Terrorismus, was published by Econ in October 2015. His most recent book in German is Der Terror ist unter uns: Dschihadismus und Radikalisierung in Europa (Ullstein, 2016), a comprehensive introduction to extremist radicalization and recruitment, which discusses new trends and developments incl. the internet, ‘lone wolves’, the rise of women, and the merging of terrorist and criminal milieus.
Prior to this, Professor Neumann has authored or co-authored five other books, including Old and New Terrorism (Polity Press, 2009); and The Strategy of Terrorism (with MLR Smith) (Routledge, 2008).
He has written numerous peer-reviewed journal articles dealing with different aspects of terrorism and radicalization, and editor of Routledge’s recently published four-volume Major Works Collection: Radicalization (Routledge, 2015). Shorter pieces have appeared in the New York Times, New Scientist, London Review of Books, Wall Street Journal, and other periodicals.
Tom Neylan is a member of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) Secretariat, the international standard-setter for combating money laundering and the financing of terrorism and proliferation. Mr Neylan currently leads the FATF’s policy development work. He was responsible for the 2012 revision of the FATF standards, and for the development of a new methodology for mutual evaluations.
Prior to joining the FATF, Mr Neylan worked at the UK Treasury as Head of Counter-Terrorism Finance, and in a number of other roles responsible for international monetary relations, development financing, and UK relations with multilateral financial institutions. Mr Neylan holds an MA from the University of St. Andrews and an M.Phil from King’s College, London.
Ms Pillay received a BA and a LLB from Natal University South Africa. She also holds a Master of
Law and a Doctorate of Juridical Science from Harvard University. She was born in 1941, and has
two daughters. Ms Pillay, a South African national, was the first woman to start a law practice in
her home province of Natal in 1967. Over the next few years, she acted as a defense attorney for
anti-apartheid activists, exposing torture, and helping establish key rights for prisoners on Robben
She also worked as a lecturer at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, and later was appointed Vice-
President of the Council of the University of Durban Westville. In 1995, after the end of apartheid,
Ms. Pillay was appointed as acting judge on the South African High Court.
Being no stranger to the public eye and the adverse side of opposing countries’ “accepted norm”
to Human Rights and oppression of Opposition while still able to deliver impartial judgements,
nominated her for election by the United Nations General Assembly to be a judge on the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda in 1995, where she served a total of eight years, the
last four (1999-2003) as President. In 2008 as she played a critical role in the ICTR's
groundbreaking jurisprudence on rape as genocide, as well as on issues of freedom of speech and
hate propaganda launching her further into the World’s eye she was elected in 2003 as a judge on
the International Criminal Court in The Hague, where she remained until August 2008.
On 28 July 2008 she was approved by the General Assembly as UN High Commissioner for
Human Rights and assumed her functions on 1st September and on 24 May 2012, the United
Nations General Assembly extended her mandate for a further two years.
She has served the World her capacity as the UN Human Rights High Commissioner until August
2014, break preconceptions and opening the way for the opposed of the World. She is currently
still working hard to ensure a better World for all, as a member of International Nuremberg
Principles Academy Advisory Council, International Association Against the Death Penalty,
International Services for Human Rights, UN Interim Independent Assessment Panel and as the
co-sponsor for Donor Direct USA.
In South Africa, before her nomination to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, she was
a member of the Women's National Coalition, she contributed to the inclusion of an equality clause
in the country’s Constitution that prohibits discrimination on grounds of race, religion and sexual
orientation. She co-founded Equality Now, an international women's rights organization, and has
been involved with other organizations working on issues relating to children, detainees, victims of
torture and of domestic violence, and a range of economic, social and cultural rights.
Retirement hasn’t slowed her down as she still contributes to her home country as a member of
the Special Reference Group on Migration & Community Integration in KwaZulu Natal, SA – SRG
in 2015 aiding the government in addressing the flare of xenophobia and refugee issues. She is
currently a member of Africa International Criminal Court Advisory Group, International Covenant
on Economic, Social & Cultural Rights SA – ICESR, WAYOMA Foundation – Africa Group for
Justice and Accountability and part of the Key Legislation Assessment Panel SA Parliament – HLP
Between her numerous membership duties, she still manages to enlighten students, professionals,
layman and politicians on current Human Rights, Justice and Accountability issues at lectures and
functions held worldwide at educational institutions and various venues
Ruth Freedom Pojman
Ruth Freedom Pojman is the Senior Advisor, OSCE Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (OSR/CTHB). She supports the Special Representative with policy level analysis and provides recommendations on issues relating to the application of principles of due diligence and transparency in addressing risks of exploitation throughout supply chains, to encourage governments to incorporate international standards to ensure ethical sourcing, including in public procurement. She is the lead on the OSR/CTHB ExB project Prevention of trafficking in human beings in supply chains through government practices and measures.
Prior to the OSCE, she served as a Senior Advisor at the Europe and Eurasia Bureau, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), designing anti-trafficking policies, programs and strategic approaches, as well as conducting assessments, research and training.
Ms Pojman worked for the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on migration policy, border control and management issues, and anti-trafficking in Central Asia and the Kyrgyz Republic. Prior to that, she worked in public information, raising awareness of refugee, political asylum and tolerance issues for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), in the Kyrgyz Republic, and in media relations for Mobil Oil in Kazakhstan.
She also worked on the development of civil society initiatives addressing a wide range of issues (environment, gender, disabilities, media, youth) throughout the former Soviet Union for World Learning (based in Moscow), and in conflict resolution through citizen diplomacy and educational exchanges. She was a co-founder and Eurasia Editor of the journal Demokratizatsiya.
Ms Pojman has an MA in Russian and Central Eurasian Studies from The American University. She received certificates from the International Anti-Corruption Academy (IACA) in Vienna, and in Documentary Film from the George Washington University. She has contributed to documentaries on human trafficking, organised crime and migration
Dr. Gioacchino Polimeni was the Director of the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) between 2004 and 2006. Prior to joining UNICRI, Dr. Polimeni worked as Legal Advisor to the Permanent Mission of Italy to the International Organizations in Vienna (seconded as Judge of the Supreme Court of Cassation to the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs), responsible for all areas concerning legal matters, with particular regard to drug control, crime prevention and criminal justice, and international trade law. Dr. Polimeni held a number of positions in international forums, i.a.: member of the UN Committee on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice; chairman in the Plenipotentiary Conference for the elaboration of the UN Convention against the illicit traffic in narcotics drugs and psychotropic substances; chairman of the Committee of the Council of Europe for the elaboration of the Convention on laundering, search, seizure and confiscation of the proceeds from crime; chairman of the Committee of the European Union for the elaboration of the EU Convention on extradition; alternate head of the Italian delegation to the ad hoc committees for the elaboration of UN conventions (UNTOC and UNCAC).
Mauricio A Salcedo
Mauricio Salcedo has been since 2016 the Ministry Commercial Counsellor and Deputy Permanent Representative of Colombia before the WTO, posted in Geneva, Switzerland. Previously, he worked for the Colombia International Trade Legal Affairs Bureau in Bogota, for the Minister of Trade and as a Counsellor representing the Colombian Government in international trade litigations before the WTO Dispute Settlement Body and the Andean Tribunal. He was also a member of the Colombian International Trade Negotiating Team, in charge of international trade customs negotiations. Mr Salcedo has a practical, unique experience in international trade law, being the senior lawyer responsible for the five free trade agreements signed by Colombia between 2010 and 2014, including the Trade Agreement between Colombia and the EU. Currently, as DPR of Colombia before the WTO, Mr Salcedo is part of the Government’s strategical team in charge of handling the policy response to the international Illicit Trade problem. Mr Salcedo has an LLB in Law from Universidad de Los Andes (Bogota-Colombia), a Graduate Degree in Law and Economics from Universidad Externado(Bogota-Colombia) and a Master’s Degree in International Law (LLM) with emphasis in International Trade Law from Georgetown University (Washington D.C.-USA). Currently, Mr Salcedo is pursuing his first PhD in International Law at the Graduate Institute in Geneva Switzerland.
Ernesto U. Savona is Director of Transcrime, (Joint Research Center on Transnational Crime) of the Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan and Professor of Criminology at the same University from 2002 (Before in Trento and Rome La Sapienza), He is Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of Criminal Policy and Research (Springer). Since 2003, he is the Past President of the European Society of Criminology (2003/2004) and Chair for the term 2011-2012 of the Global Agenda Council of Organized crime of the World Economic Forum. Professor Savona is member of the European Commission experts group on Policy needs for data on crime and the expert group on Firearms. His research interests and key publications include books and articles on organized crime, money laundering, and corruption. His last books are: Benoit Leclerc and E.U. Savona (eds) Crime Prevention in the XXI Century, Springer, 2016; E.U. Savona with G. Berlusconi and M. Riccardi,(eds) Organised Crime in European Businesses, Routledge 2016;, E.U. Savona , F. Calderoni (eds), Criminal Markets and Mafia Proceeds, Routledge, London, 2015. He is the coordinator of project PROTON under the Horizon 2020 EU Programme started on October 2016
Professor William A. Schabas is Professor of International law at Middlesex University in London. He is also Professor of International Human Law and Human Rights at Leiden University, Distinguished Visiting Faculty at Sciences Po in Paris, Emeritus Professor of Human Rights Law at the National University of Ireland Galway and Honorary Chairman of the Irish Centre for Human Rights.
Professor Schabas holds BA and MA degrees in History from the University of Toronto and LLB, LLM and LLD degrees from the University of Montreal, as well as several honorary doctorates. He is the author of more than twenty books dealing in whole or in part with international human rights law, including the Oxford Commentaries on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and the European Convention on Human Rights, and seminal studies on capital punishment and the 1948 Genocide Convention. Professor Schabas drafted the 2010 and 2015 quinquennial reports of the Secretary-General of the United Nations on the status of the death penalty, and has served the United Nations in a variety of other functions. He was a member of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission.
Professor Schabas is an Officer of the Order of Canada and a member of the Royal Irish Academy in 2007.
John M. Sellar OBE
John M. Sellar OBE FRGS was engaged in law enforcement for almost four decades, initially in the Scottish Police Service and then the United Nations. As a Detective, he investigated murders and other serious crime but also dealt with human rights abuse in Scotland’s maximum security prison. Before transferring to the UN, he was Officer-in-Charge of a police area where royal security and anti-terrorism matters featured significantly.
In 1997 Mr Sellar moved to Switzerland, handling anti-smuggling, fraud and organized crime issues for the Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), ultimately becoming Chief of Enforcement. During 14 years with CITES he conducted 234 missions to 66 countries, assessing enforcement in the field and designing strategies to tackle wildlife trafficking. He was instrumental in establishing the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime in 2010, a partnership of CITES, INTERPOL, the UN Office on Drugs and Crime, the World Bank and the World Customs Organization. He has lectured extensively worldwide and his book, ‘The UN’s Lone Ranger: Combating International Wildlife Crime’, was published in January 2014.
He formally retired in 2011 but remains active in both a voluntary and consultancy manner and sits on the International Association of Chiefs of Police Environmental Crimes Committee. In June 2013, in recognition of his UN activities, he was appointed by the Queen as an Officer of the Order of the British Empire.
Dr. Louise Shelley is the Omer L. and Nancy Hirst Endowed Chair and a University Professor at Schar School of Policy and Government, George Mason University. She founded and directs the Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC). Her most recent books are : Dirty Entanglements: Corruption, Crime and Terrorism (Cambridge University Press, 2014) and Human Trafficking: A Global Perspective (Cambridge 2010). She is just completing a book on the transformation of illicit trade.
Professor Shelley served for six years on Global Agenda Councils of the World Economic Forum first on the illicit trade council and then as the inaugural co-chair of organized crime. Dr. Shelley appears frequently in the media, lectures widely at universities and multinational bodies and has testified repeatedly before Congress. She is a life member of the Council on Foreign Relations
Ute Stiegel is the Deputy Head of Unit for Organised Crime and Drugs Policy, DG HOME, European Commission.
Ms Stiegel has worked for several years as a judge and prosecutor in Karlsruhe (Germany) and at the German Federal Ministry of Justice, Section "international criminal law".
Since 2001, Ms Stiegel is employed by the European Commission in Brussels. For many years, she has worked in the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) on projects like the proposal to establish a European Public Prosecutor's Office. In 2015, she joined the Directorate General for Migration and Home Affairs (DG HOME) and is currently Deputy Head of Unit in the Unit for "Organised Crime and Drugs Policy".
Ms Stiegel studied Law in Heidelberg (Germany). She has a Master of Laws (LLM) at Uppsala University (Sweden) and a PhD at the Max Planck Institute for Public International law in Heidelberg (Germany).
Jürgen Storbeck served as the first Director of Europol between 1999 and 2004.
After law studies and research at different German universities he started his career in law enforcement as a superintendent in the Bundeskriminalamt (BKA) in Wiesbaden, Germany, where he became later the Head of the Department of International Cooperation, head of the Central Bureau of Interpol and then Head of Serious and Organized Crime Department. After the re-unification of Germany he served in the Federal Ministry of Interior tasked to integrate the CID of the former GDR into the police system of the FRG. In 1992, he took over the establishment of Europol and the administration of its forerunner, the "Europol Drugs Unit", a post which he held until 1999, when he became Europol’s Director.
Following his tenure in Europol, he was appointed as coordinator of the Federal Ministry of Interior for police cooperation with the States of the Arab Gulf, and from 2006 he served as the Head of the Homeland Security Department of the Ministry of Brandenburg.
He is currently a consultant specialising in crime prevention and enforcement matters, including matters concerning organized crime and terrorism.
Tristan van der Vijver
Tristan van der Vijver is the Global Head of Compliance for Global Payments and the Western Union International Bank (WUIB), which are subsidiaries of Western Union (NYSE: WU).
Along with a team of 110+ dedicated professionals across five continents, Mr van der Vijver is responsible for the development, implementation and oversight of risk-based compliance initiatives, driving end-to-end value for the business. As a leading provider in cross border payments, Western Union recently expended and transformed the business services branch, creating the Global Payments division. Global Payments is focused on enabling companies to send and receive international payments and manage global cash flow, while creating unique solutions tailored to meet varying business needs.
Tristan has over 15 years’ experience managing compliance and global teams with extensive knowledge in international and cross-border Compliance topics, having held professional assignments in Singapore, New York, Tokyo and London.
Prior to joining Western Union in February 2015, Mr van der Vijver spent eight years with Commerzbank / Dresdner Bank where he held a variety of roles including Regional Head positions in Singapore and Regional Compliance Head for the Americas (New York) in 2010. In September 2013 Tristan returned to London as a Managing Director to oversee Commerzbank's largest foreign presence which included oversight of the Asia region.
Before joining Commerzbank, Mr van der Vijver worked in Compliance for Lazard, Panmure Gordon and ABN AMRO in London.
Mr van der Vijver is speaking at Compliance and Industry forums on Anti-Money Laundering (AML) and Markets Compliance topics including Bank-de risking, public private partnerships and creating a culture of Compliance.
Mr van der Vijver studied in the United States and United Kingdom and holds degrees in Banking and Economics.
Dr Lorenzo Vidino is the Director of the Program on Extremism at George Washington University. An expert on Islamism in Europe and North America, his research over the past 15 years has focused on the mobilization dynamics of jihadist networks in the West; governmental counter-radicalization policies; and the activities of Muslim Brotherhood-inspired organizations in the West.
Dr Vidino earned a Law Degree from the University of Milan Law School and a doctorate in international relations from Tufts University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy. He has held positions at Harvard University’s Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the Kennedy School of Government, the U.S. Institute of Peace, the RAND Corporation, and the Center for Security Studies (ETH Zurich).
The author of several books and numerous articles, Dr. Vidino’s most prominent work is The New Muslim Brotherhood in the West, a book published in 2010 by Columbia University Press, with an Arabic edition released the following year by the Al Mesbar Studies and Research Center. The book offers a comparative study of Islamist organizing in various Western countries as well as the wide-ranging public policy responses by Western leaders.
Dr Vidino has testified before the U.S. Congress and other parliaments; advised law enforcement officials around the world; and taught at universities in the U.S. and Europe. He regularly provides commentary to diverse media outlets (including The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, PBS, CNN, Fox News, MSNBC, BBC, Al Jazeera, Al Arabiya...) and is a columnist for the Italian daily La Stampa. In 2016, he was appointed by Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi as Coordinator of the National Commission on Jihadist Radicalization.
In 2014, Mr. Winchell assumed the position of Deputy Director, Compliance and Enforcement Sub-Directorate within the World Customs Organization. He is currently responsible for compliance and enforcement policy and procedures, the global enforcement network known as CEN, training and technical assistance, as well as facilitating international cross border enforcement operations within the core areas of priority WCO compliance and enforcement: revenue compliance, drug enforcement, security, environmental crime and IPR/health and safety.
Mr Winchell began his law enforcement career in 1984 as a Deputy Sheriff in Richland County, South Carolina. In 1987, he was hired by the U.S. Customs Service as a Special Agent/Criminal Investigator and subsequently held a variety of law enforcement positions in the U.S. Customs Service.
In the year 2000, Mr. Winchell became Director, Special Operations Division where he held principal responsibility for leading a large group of agents from the U.S. Customs Service, the Drug Enforcement Administration, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and the Internal Revenue Service targeting the command and control of international money laundering organizations principally operating in the Americas.
From 2002 to 2012, Mr. Winchell served as the Special Agent in Charge (SAC) for the Legacy U.S. Customs Service and subsequently the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), Homeland Security Investigations (HSI) in Seattle, Washington.
In 2012, Mr. Winchell was promoted and re-assigned to HSI headquarters serving as an Assistant Director within ICE/HSI. In this capacity, Mr. Winchell oversaw the investigative and operational efforts of over 6,500 ICE/HSI Special Agents, assigned to 26 SAC offices, investigating matters related to national security, export enforcement, money laundering, drug and bulk-cash smuggling, human smuggling and trafficking, customs fraud, child pornography, and other financial and immigration fraud.
CO-CHAIRS AND MODERATORS (3)
David J. Lynch is the Financial Times’ Washington-based Enforcement Correspondent. Previously, he was the Cyber Security Editor at Politico and a senior writer with Bloomberg News focusing on the intersection of politics and economics. He followed the global economy for USA TODAY, where he was the founding Bureau Chief in both London and Beijing and covered the wars in Kosovo and Iraq, the latter as an embedded reporter with the US Marines. He was the paper’s first recipient of a Nieman fellowship at Harvard University, and is the author of When The Luck Of The Irish Ran Out: The World’s Most Resilient Country and Its Struggle to Rise Again.
Sam Jones is the Financial Times’ Defence and Security Editor, leading the FT’s coverage on global defence issues, intelligence, cyber warfare and terrorism. He has been with the newspaper since 2007, when he joined as one of the founding writers on FT Alphaville, the markets and finance blog. He has also written for the paper extensively on markets, and on global finance as the paper’s hedge fund correspondent. He was highly commended as Young Journalist of the Year at the British Press Awards in 2009 for investigative work into the rating agencies and their role in the financial crisis. He has also been recognised as a promising journalist by the Harold Wincott Awards and in 2012 was listed as one of MHP’s top 30 journalists to watch. Prior to joining the Financial Times, he was a reporter with Euromoney. He is a graduate of the London School of Economics, from where he has a first class honours degree in History.
Brooke Masters was appointed Companies Editor for the Financial Times in 2013 and she became an Assistant Editor ih 2016. Previously she was the Chief Regulation Correspondent for the Financial Times, covering the UK Financial Services Authority and working with reporters around the world to cover global financial regulation and white- collar crime cases. Prior to this posting she was the City Correspondent covering banking, stockbroking and asset management with a secondary focus on London’s international competitiveness. Before that she wrote for the Lex column and served as a senior business reporter in the FT's New York office covering the intersection of law and business.
From 2002 to 2006, Ms Masters reported on Wall Street and white-collar crime for the Washington Post and followed New York Attorney General Eliot Spitzer's various investigations. This led to her 2006 book, Spoiling for a Fight: The Rise of Eliot Spitzer, which was published in both hardback and paperback editions by Henry Holt. Ms Masters spent an additional 13 years at the Washington Post in Washington and Virginia, covering criminal justice, education, and politics. She has also written extensively about espionage, capital punishment and terrorism. Ms Masters graduated summa cum laude from Harvard University with a degree in History. She also earned a Master's of Science in Economic History with distinction from the London School of Economics.
Agenda - 27th Sep
2:15pmChair’s Opening Remarks
Sam Jones, Defence and Security Editor, Financial Times
2:30pmOpening Keynote Address and Interview
Urmas Reinsalu, Minister of Justice, Republic of Estonia
3:00pmPanel Discussion: A Holistic Approach to Preventing and Deterring Illicit Trade
In this opening panel discussion our expert speakers will set the scene for the discussion that will take place during the two days of the conference, sharing their perspectives and policy approaches to tackle illicit trade. They will examine the most recent figures on volume and flow of illegal trade, economic impact, emerging trends, responses and enforcement challenges. Focus will be placed on the convergence of different forms of illicit trade –including tobacco products, counterfeit medicines, narcotics, trafficking in persons and wildlife—and on the most recent proposals, innovative solutions and public and private alliances to tackle this plight. What are the commonalities between different forms of illegal trade? As links among different forms of illicit trade increase, what holistic responses are required to prevent criminal networks moving goods and services across borders? Which solutions are being put forward to deal with the issue of “compartmentalisation”? Where are the gaps and inconsistencies of legal instruments on the international and national level to fight illegal trade and how can they be filled?
M. Cherif Bassiouni, Emeritus Professor of Law, DePaul University, Member, PMI IMPACT Expert Council
Gretta Fenner, Managing Director, Basel Institute on Governance
David M. Luna, Former Senior Director for National Security and Diplomacy, INL, US Department of State; Chair (Departing), OECD Task Force on Countering Illicit Trade
Chris Martin, Counsellor, Her Majesty’s Revenue & Customs(HMRC)
Mauricio A. Salcedo, Deputy Permanent Representative, Mission of Colombia, WTO
3:50pmIllicit Trade and Human Rights - Dialogue
Navi Pillay, Former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Member PMI IMPACT Expert Council
William Schabas, Professor of International Law, Middlesex University
4:30pmPanel Discussion - Interlinks of Illicit Trade with Other Crimes
Today’s criminal networks are fluid, striking alliances with other criminal networks and expanding their distribution channels to engage in a wide range of illicit activities, including corruption, cybercrime, money laundering and terrorism. While the convergence of crime networks is fast and effective, law enforcement’s, political institutions’ and multi-sectoral’s efforts cannot keep the pace. Where are how do transnational criminal networks converge and what are the types of illegal markets, trafficking routes and methods that they utilise? How can best practices, expertise and successful policy approaches be leveraged to tackle the whole constellation of illicit trade and related crimes? How can cooperation and coordination at national and international levels be enhanced to disrupt organised crime groups? What can be done to increase political prioritisation of this issue?
Dominique Lamoureux, Vice President, Ethics and Corporate Responsibility, Thales
Ambassador Alessandro Minuto-Rizzo, President, NATO Defense College Foundation
Peter Neumann, Director, International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR), Professor of Security Studies at the Department of War Studies, King’s College London
Louise Shelley, Director, Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC), George Mason University; Author, Dirty Entanglements: Corruption, Crime and Terrorism
Jürgen Storbeck, Former Director, Europol, Member, PMI IMPACT Expert Council
5:20pmSpotlight on PMI IMPACT Projects – Rapid Fire Showcase and Dialogue 1
This session will highlight key projects against illegal trade and related crimes funded by the PMI IMPACT initiative. The selected projects will showcase their initiatives in 5 minute rapid-fire presentations and then convene in a roundtable dialogue to deliberate on how their projects will foster better knowledge on illicit trade and its links with organised crime and terrorism, improve public awareness and develop new ways to disrupt and diminish illegal trade.
Florian Becker, Professor for Public Law, Christian-Albrechts-University Kiel
Alena Kudzko, Deputy Research Director, GLOBSEC Policy Institute
Lorenzo Vidino, Director, Program on Extremism, George Washington University
Sam Jones, Defence and Security Editor, Financial Times
André Calantzopoulos, Chief Executive Officer, Philip Morris International
6:00pmChair’s Closing Remarks and highlights of tomorrow’s agenda
David Lynch, Enforcement Correspondent, Financial Times
Agenda - 28th Sep
9:00amChair’s Opening Remarks
David Lynch, Enforcement Correspondent, Financial Times
9:10amSpecial Presentation and Interview
Ute Stiegel, Deputy Head of Unit for Organised Crime and Drugs Policy, DG HOME, European Commission
Sam Jones, Defence and Security Editor, Financial Times
9:30amCurtailing Illicit Financial Flows – The Role of the Financial Services Sector
Block chain, peer-to-peer lending, new payment platforms, the internet of things, mobile and crypto-currencies are some of the technologies transforming the financial sector. In this session, expert speakers will discuss how new platforms, tools and players are shaping the future of the industry, focusing on how these developments could impact the fight against illicit trade and illicit financial flows. How can these technology-based innovations enhance capabilities to monitor risks and investigate illicit financial flows? What is the role of the financial services providers in this new landscape? What steps can they take to use tech innovations to increase the level of detection and interdiction of the proceeds of transnational crime?
Erik Barnett, Regional Head of Europe for Financial Crime Threat Mitigation, HSBC
Tom Cardamone, Managing Director, Global Financial Integrity
Suzanne Hayden, Former Senior Prosecutor, US Department of Justice, Member, PMI IMPACT Expert Council
Tom Keatinge, Director, Centre for Financial Crime & Security Studies, Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI)
Tom Neylan, Senior Policy Analyst, SecretariatFinancial Action Task Force (FATF)
Tristan van der Vijver, Global Head of Compliance for Global Payments and Western Union International Bank, Western Union
Brooke Masters, Companies Editor, Financial Times
10:25amExpert Dialogue: International Treaties to Combat Illicit Trade and Related Crimes Harmonisation and Implementation
Gioacchino Polimeni Former Director, United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
John M. SellarOBE, Anti-Smuggling, Fraud, and Organized Crime Advisor
Jean-François Thony, Prosecutor General of the Court of Appeals, Alsace region, President, Siracusa International Institute for Criminal Justice and Human Rights
11:20amPanel Discussion: Best Practices in Building and Monitoring Responsible Supply Chains
The complexity of supply chains, their global reach and the fragmented landscape of regulatory control across jurisdictions multiply the entry points for criminal networks. This panel discussion will explore corporate initiatives and best practices to identify and better manage illegal trade risks throughout the entire supply chain. It will analyse key vulnerabilities, the role and responsibilities of manufacturers, transporters, exporters, other intermediaries, insurers and retailers and discuss successful approaches in risk identification, internal controls, monitoring and auditing to guarantee the integrity of the supply chain. Our panelists will delve on the online ecosystem, the new routes it opens up for illegally trade goods and the most innovative measures put forward to address illegal sales on line. Focus will be placed on opportunities for collaborative efforts and public-private partnerships
Ruth Freedom Pojman, Senior Adviser, Office of the Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings, OSCE
Jeffrey Hardy, Director-General, Transnational Alliance to Combat Illicit Trade
Alvise Giustiniani, Vice President Illicit Trade Strategies & Prevention, Philip Morris International
Luis Moreno Ocampo, Former Chief Prosecutor, International Criminal Court (ICC), Member, PMI IMPACT Expert Council
Leigh Winchell, Deputy Director of Compliance and Facilitation, World Customs Organization (WCO)
1:20pmView from Academia – Policies on Dual Markets
Ernesto Savona, Director, Transcrime
Mark Kleiman, Director, Crime and Justice, Professor of Public Policy, Marron Institute of Urban Management, New York University
Francesco Calderoni, Associate Professor, Criminology, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
2:00pmPanel Discussion: Multi-Stakeholder Collaboration: The New Way Forward
Global illegal trade continues to evolve rapidly in size, scope, routes and actors. Effectively addressing illicit trade requires a renewed, more targeted and collaborative approach. Whether the illicit trade is in humans, cigarettes, wildlife, medicines, unilateral responses have proven insufficient and an international, multi-sectoral coordinated response involving government, corporations, NGOs and academia is now more necessary than ever. How can these stakeholders work together on impactful solutions to combat illegal trade? How can hurdles be overcome? What are the opportunities for public private partnerships? How can they contribute to the achievement of sustainable development goals—particularly in the context of fighting crime?
Stephane Jacobzone, Deputy Head of Division, Reform of the Public Sector, Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
Pierre Lapaque, Regional Representative for West and Central Africa, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
John Mair, Director, Head Project Integrity, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
Paul Makin, Former Official, UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Member, PMI IMPACT Expert Council
3:10pmSpotlight on PMI IMPACT Projects – Rapid Fire Showcase and Dialogue 2
This session will highlight key projects against illegal trade and related crimes funded by the PMI IMPACT initiative. The selected projects will showcase their initiatives in 5 minute rapid-fire presentations and then convene in a roundtable dialogue to deliberate on how their projects will foster better knowledge on illicit trade and its links with organised crime and terrorism, improve public awareness and develop new ways to disrupt and diminish illegal trade.
Spyridon A. Evangelidis, Commander, Drugs and Contraband Enforcement Directorate, Hellenic Coast Guard (HCG)
Aili Malm, Associate Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice, California State University Long Beach
Lukasz Gruszczynski, Associate Professor of International Law, Institute of Law Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences
David Lynch, Enforcement Correspondent, Financial Times
3:50pmCall for action: A Common Agenda for Integrity in Trade
In this closing session, our experts speakers will debate on the initiatives, policies and practices presented during the summit, highlighting the opportunities, challenges and priorities in the multifaceted fight against illegal trade. They will focus on next steps to advance coordinated efforts and solutions between the private sector, policy makers, law enforcement and civil society
Alain Juillet, Former Head, French Economic Intelligence, Member, PMI IMPACT Expert Council
David Ellero, Head of Economic and Property Crime Unit, Europol
Niccolò Figà-Talamanca, Secretary General, No Peace Without Justice
4:20pmChair’s Closing Remarks
London SE1 7PB
PMI IMPACT is a global initiative to support public, private, and nongovernmental organizations to develop and implement projects against illegal trade and related crimes. The initiative was launched on May 27, 2016 by Philip Morris International (PMI). For more information see:
The Financial Times is one of the world’s leading business news organisations, recognised internationally for its authority, integrity and accuracy. Providing essential news, comment, data and analysis for the global business community, the FT has a combined paid print and digital circulation of 840,000. Mobile is an increasingly important channel for the FT, driving more than half of total traffic.